Gershom Gorenberg outlines how the ultra orthodox have been enabled by the Jewish state:
Remaining a full-time Torah student allowed a man to stay out of uniform. The deferment helped lock young men into the kollel lifestyle. So did the education gap: Though ultra-Orthodox men spent years engaged in study, their schooling did nothing to prepare them for jobs in a modern economy. From their teens on, their curriculum was devoid of mathematics, sciences, foreign languages and other general studies.
When non-working radicals out-reproduce the rest of the population, bad things happen.
(Photo: Ultra-Orthodox Jews pray at the Western Wall in Jerusalem's Old City of on March 4, 2011. By Daniel Bar-On/AFP/Getty Images.)