Elizabeth Dickinson compares Colombia's drug crackdown to Mexico's less successful attempts:
At a very basic level, Colombia circa 2002 faced a very different set of problems than what Mexico faces today—and Uribe’s "democratic security" strategy was tailored to the former. Drug trafficking was linked to an armed insurgency that, however corrupted over the years, still rested on an ideology and concrete political goals. FARC and the paramilitaries both cared about territory for its own sake. Mexican cartels, on the other hand, are less bothered by symbolic gains and are happy to operate near or even within state institutions.
The very natures of the two states are different as well. "Colombia had never been in control of its territory, so the real challenge was to assert state authority for the first time," explains Shannon O’Neill of the Council on Foreign Relations. "In Mexico, that’s not the problem. The government has a presence in every small municipality; the question is, who do they report to? It’s a very different challenge; Mexico’s challenge is corruption."