The Anatomy Of Athleticism

Andrew Sullivan —  Jul 26 2012 @ 9:08am

An unusually active insular cortex could partially account for superior sporting ability:

Recent studies indicate that the brain's insular cortex may help a sprinter drive his body forward just a little more efficiently than his competitors. This region may prepare a boxer to better fend off a punch his opponent is beginning to throw as well as assist a diver as she calculates her spinning body's position so she hits the water with barely a splash. The insula, as it is commonly called, may help a marksman retain a sharp focus on the bull's-eye as his finger pulls back on the trigger and help a basketball player at the free-throw line block out the distracting screams and arm-waving of fans seated behind the backboard.

Recent Dish on physiological quirks that produce competitive advantages here and here.